Sunday, May 24, 2020
A decision is acknowledging there is an opportunity for different choices to be made. There are two types of decisions managers can formulate, programmed and nonprogrammed decisions. A programmed decision is when there is a recurring problem, and the manager knows that they can apply a rule to the decision. An example of a programmed decision would be similar to ordering supplies needed for the office. In a programmed decision the, risk of failure is relatively low since as a manager, you have made this decision before and almost certainly know the outcome of that decision. A nonprogrammed decision is when there is a unique situation, unstructured or poorly defined situation, which will cause significant consequences if not handledÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦When managers try and justify past decisions, they might think of how the solution they came up with worked but wasnÃ¢â¬â¢t 100% successful. Maybe tweak a few points, and it will be a more suitable solution. Managers might a lso be overconfident in their decision that it can come to backfire on them. Ways to help make the right decision is to start with potential brainstorming solutions with solid evidence than engaging in rigorous debates. 2. Big 5 personality traits Chapter 14 Know the Big Five Personality Traits Extroversion is a behavioral quality that is characterized by the energy and sociability of a person. They like to meet new people and tend to be optimistic and talkative. They make friends easily, feel comfortable around people and are skilled in handling a social situation. Their optimistic interpretations of the future allow extroverts to emerge as group leaders or to be perceived as a leader figure. However, while sociability and dominance are essential attributes for leaders, some who are excessively extroverted, have a tendency to behave in an aggressive, grandiose, and bold way. They tend to be in the spotlight and like to be the center of attention and can jump from one conversation or idea to another as well as over-estimating their personal capabilities, is a behavioral quality that is characterized by the energy and sociability of a person. This trait might precede a leader to take the input of their subordinates andShow MoreRelatedMgt 101-Hk1. Principles of Management- Midterm Exam3771 Words Ã |Ã 16 Pagesthe following is an accurate statement in reference to management-by-objectives? rewards are given to workers independent from their objective attainment managers and workers meet to agree on worker objectives the manager and the worker do not meet during the operating period to monitor progress managers set and establish all objectives for the workers without worker involvement Question 10 1 points Save The fundamental purpose of planning is: Read MoreManagement Theory Practice16081 Words Ã |Ã 65 Pages Flexible Ã¢â¬ ¢ Job focused Skill focused Ã¢â¬ ¢ Individual oriented Team oriented Ã¢â¬ ¢ Permanent jobs Temporary jobs Ã¢â¬ ¢ Command oriented Involvement oriented Ã¢â¬ ¢ Managers always make decisions Employees participate in decision Making Ã¢â¬ ¢ Rule oriented Customer oriented Ã¢â¬ ¢ Relatively homogeneous workforce Diverse workforce Ã¢â¬ ¢ Workdays defined as 9 to 5 Workdays have noRead MoreAdl 01 - Principles and Practices of Management Study Material.Pdf Uploaded Successfully30836 Words Ã |Ã 124 Pages1: Managers and management i. ii. iii. iv. v. vi. vii. viii. ix. x. xi. xii. Introduction: Managers and management What is an organization? Why do organizations exist? The nature of Management What is management? Who are managers? Management Functions Management process Managerial Roles Managerial skills Levels of Management Schools of management thought Chapter 2: Management planning process i. ii. iii. iv. v. vi. vii. viii. Introduction: Planning Origin and Definition Why should managers plan
Monday, May 18, 2020
The film Cruel Intentions is a narration based on a bet between two step-siblings exploring societyÃ¢â¬â¢s sexual boundaries. We are first introduced to Sebastian, a fifth year high school Senior with no respect for anyone/ thing except his own reputation of sexual conquest. His stepsister Kathryn is, well, as she puts it Ã¢â¬Å"Im the Marsha fucking Brady of the Upper East SideÃ¢â¬ . A quick summary, Sebastian wants to have sex with Annette, the new head masterÃ¢â¬â¢s daughter who wrote a manifesto on why she intends to wait until marriage. Kathryn makes a bet with he that he wonÃ¢â¬â¢t be able to, and spends the rest of the movie trying to corrupt innocent little Cecile who is her exÃ¢â¬â¢s new infatuation. Cecile is in love with the cello teacher of a differentÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦Sebastian has sex for his reputation as a conqueror, Ã¢â¬Å"I take pleasure in othersÃ¢â¬â¢ misery,Ã¢â¬ is one of his final testimonies. Sleeping around with Manhattan Debutantes builds his repute giving him pleasure. Women in contrast, are having sex for love, (with the exception of Kathryn who is not having sex for love, but still an emotion, revenge). The psychiatristÃ¢â¬â¢s daughter is upset because she was tricked into her scandal because Ã¢â¬Å"he told me he loved me and I believed himÃ¢â¬ . Through Cecil it is portrayed in a different manner, but leads to the same thing. Kathryn tries to persuade her to learn all she can from Sebastian which is replied with Ã¢â¬Å"But I donÃ¢â¬â¢t love him, I love Ronald.Ã¢â¬ Showing to the core that woman want to have sex for their emotions for their partners. She gives in when she is persuaded that you do it to practice so that she can make Ronald happy. Twisted as it may be, it is still an excuse based on feelings for a lover. nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;Certain rules apply in film, for instance, there can not a plot with a sexual theme with out sexual communication. As portrayed in this film, communication keeps to what was learned through lecture as well as the Coupling clip, you can engage in sexual activity with a partner, but you talk about it with friends. Kathryn and Cecil openly talk about it throughout the film, the topic of kissing while they are in the park and the topic of oral sex in CecilÃ¢â¬â¢s house.Show MoreRelatedCruel Intentions Movie Review567 Words Ã |Ã 2 PagesIn the film Cruel Intentions, Kathryn Merteuil is portrayed as a manipulative mastermind, who suffers from the addiction of cocaine. She is prideful of herself on destroying the lives of others while having the benefit of meeting her own needs. Kathryn comes from a wealthy family. She portrays herself differently while being in the public eyes; a popular student, a devoted Christian and a student body president at her prestige Ã¢â¬â¢s school. She comes off as a lady with moral integrity. However, SebastianRead MoreA Moral Examination of Roger Kumbles Cruel Intentions Essay878 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesI cant remember ever seeing a film with more moral problems and issues than Roger Kumbles Cruel Intentions. Although the film is intended to be a dark comedy and a teenage version of Dangerous Liaisons, Cruel Intentions is a mature and often shocking look at a potential realistic situation played up as a fantasy tale that offers a sickening example of the moral decay present in our society. Morals seem to change from generation to generation, and as time goes on it seems that at one time what wasRead More Comparing Dangerous Liaisons by Choderlos de Laclos and Cruel Intentions the Movie1327 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesComparing Dangerous Liaisons by Choderlos de Laclos and Cruel Intentions the Movie It is my intention to compare the book, Dangerous Liaisons by Choderlos de Laclos, to its modern movie version, Cruel Intentions starring Sarah Michelle Gellar. I intend to examine how the original French text was modified in reference to plot, character, morals/values, and themes. I also plan to discuss how these transformations change the meaning of the story and reflect different cultural/historical contextsRead MorePortrayal Of A Patient With Borderline Personality Disorder986 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesKathryn Merteuil, the primary antagonist in Cruel Intentions, is the master at manipulating both men and women. She is the most popular girl at her school and bases the entirety of her self-worth on her perception that everyone either wants her or wants to be her. In order to maintain her appearance, Kathryn binges and purges and has a heavy cocaine addiction. Although well liked and popular, Kathryn holds no stable relationships and is easily upset and irritated when things do not go her wayRead MoreSherman Alexie s Without Reservation980 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesmessage is clearly defined to the reader and is always a shock at the end. After reading this article I have come to the conclusion that Sherman Alexie entails his dark humor and storytelling style to purposefully misinterpret Indians to demonstrate his cruel and genuine message. Row, in Ã¢â¬Å" Without ReservationÃ¢â¬ emphasizes that Alexie is a storyteller and not a prose fiction writer. A story teller, he defines, has work that, Ã¢â¬Å"... contains, openly or covertly, something useful Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ (Row 1). Row goes on by givingRead MoreArgumentative Essay: Is Facebook Making You Mean?834 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pages Facebook is built around the idea that people should be able to project themselves and speak their minds, but it seems like some people have taken that privilege too far. I believe that it is important to protect yourself from people with cruel intentions on the internet and Facebook by being selective about who you befriend, how you post pictures, and guidance for how to effectively communicate online. The biggest issue with Facebook is the fact that people feel entitled to comment about everythingRead MoreThe Is Not The Ideal World1466 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesIn an ideal world, people would all be kind and nice to each other, empathize with each others sorrows, sulk in each others happiness and live civilly on this planet together. Unfortunately, this is not the ideal world. People have a tendency to be cruel and nasty towards each other; rather than empathizing - they feel good about hardship not occurring to them, and rather than sulking in each otherÃ¢â¬â¢s happiness - they bury themselves with greed and envy towards the person. Despite how much some wantRead MoreAnalysis Of Nicolo Machiavelli s The Prince1536 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pageswish to be considered kind rather than cruel. Nevertheless, he must take care to avoid misusing his kindness,Ã¢â¬ indicating that there is not only an importance on selecting certain qualities, but a stronger importance on how an individual execu tes those qualities (65). A powerful ruler must be able to set themselves apart from others. The populace will express hatred toward a cruel ruler, which is how Machiavelli subtly illustrates the process of how a cruel ruler can obtain enemies. Without the approvalRead MoreThe Boy In The Striped Pyjamas Character Analysis835 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesKotler grew very angry with Pavel and no oneÃ¢â¬ânot Bruno, not Gretel, not Mother and not even FatherÃ¢â¬âstepped in to stop him doing what he did next, even though it made Bruno cry and Gretel grow paleÃ¢â¬ (p. 149). Lieutenant Kotler is shown again being cruel when he is found killing a dog. Ã¢â¬Å"Once when Bruno was watching the camp from his bedroom window he saw a dog approach the fence and start barking loudly, and when Lieutenant Kotler heard it he marched right over to the dog and shot itÃ¢â¬ (p. 162). ItRead MoreAnalysis Of Controlling Katherine : The Cruelty, Abuse, And Manipulation Of Petruchios Language1542 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesnecessitates close reading. Analysis of PetruchioÃ¢â¬â¢s unscrupulous, harsh, and offensive language and staged productions reveal Petruchio not as a romantic comedy hero but instead as a manipulative, cruel, and abusive man. During their first encounter, PetruchioÃ¢â¬â¢s use of language immediately reveals his manipulative, cruel, and abusive nature. His first significant linguistic move is to rename Katherine: You lie, in faith, for you are callÃ¢â¬â¢d plain Kate, And bonny Kate, and sometimes Kate the curst; But Kate
Thursday, May 14, 2020
Life is full of dreams and aspirations, yet there has to be a solid plan in place to transform the fantasy to reality. For people like me who tend to prioritize and plan ahead, the task is simple. After carefully thinking about the goals I have, I have concluded that I have one main goal with a short-term goal that in turn will open the door to larger goals. By surviving my freshman year of college with at least a 3.85 grade point average (GPA) while working a full time job, I can boost my confidence and build up a solid foundation for future endeavors in college. I could probably name a thousand reasons why I decided to go back to college. But, the main reason is for my future family. College is very important in our life. Without education the only job out there is running a cash register for minimum wage. It is hard to make a living on low income. Believe me, I know because I have tried to do it. I wanted to be able to provide a better life for myself as well as my future family. I want my kids to have more than what I had as kid. Growing up my dad worked carpenter, and he used to get not that much money from his job. My mom never works; she took care of the house cook, laundry, clean, and a lot more. We are three kids and I am the oldest. My dad had difficult time to provide us with everything we need. We would wear the clothes for while tell we get a new once. It is unforgettable memory for me and my brothers, but it was a happily life in the same time. I like to beShow MoreRelatedMy Family Essay1011 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesaspect of life plays an important role to my life, as I continue to understand about myself. Throughout the process of gathering informations about the three generations of my family, I have learned many new information regarding myself. Sometimes these information can become severe as the time passes, which can change my life in many different directions. With this being said, cancer and diabetes can play an important role in my life, ac cording to my family genome. There are many aspects to geneticsRead MoreWhy College Education Is Important990 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pages(2010).Ã¢â¬ Life has thrown myself and my family some curves but I strive every day to get my family ahead, to be their rock. I have the will and determination to continue to fight, to fight for a better future! This is not my first journey in the college experience, not my first attempt at a college degree. I enrolled thirteen years ago, fresh out of high school, into a local business school. My experience was a nightmare. Three months prior to graduating with my Associates degree in Medical OfficeRead MorePersonal Statement : My Nursing Goals1174 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesMy Nursing Goals Introduction In the near future, I will graduate with my Bachelors of Science in Nursing degree from East Carolina University. Guiding my ultimate nursing goals is my love for children. As a mother already, I have learned and immensely enjoyed my journey with my six-year-old child thus far. However, I would love to expand my knowledge on the unique needs of the pediatric patient population. The pediatric patient population is very diverse, due to the various stages of life withinRead MoreFinancial Sustainability For My Family And Extended Family938 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesRegarding to the happiness of the whole family, I do not know the truth whether financial sustainability for my family and extended family will make us all happy. There is a possibility that at one point in time I or any other family member will be able to solve the familyÃ¢â¬â¢s financial difficulties. I do believe that it would be great if no one in the family has to worry about the money. It gives them the options to con sider other goals other than making a sustainable career. Yes, I would love thisRead MorePersonal And Professional Goals : Btec Point Average1667 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesProfessional Goals Three-year Goal 1 (Professional): To maintain my place in the Psychology Honours stream with a 5.5 Grade Point Average (GPA) for Level 2 and Level 3 psychology courses plus BEHL 2005 Introductory Research Methods; and an overall GPA of 5 at the end of 2018 (University of South Australia, 2016). This will enable me entry into the Psychology Honours Program in 2019. As I am uncertain which field of psychology I wish to enter, I believe this is an important goal to ensure my options remainRead MoreProgress Report of My Educational and Career Goals1438 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesyou up to date on the progress that I have made on my educational goals, career goals, goals completed, goals in progress, fie year goals and action steps, ten year goals and actions steps, and potential obstacles to achieving goals. I am confident you will find the results of the report useful for evaluating the progress of my educational and career goals. Educational Goals: Education is extremely important part of my past, present, and future goals. I currently hold an Associate of Applied ScienceRead MoreNo One Knows Me Like Me1589 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesone knows me like me I. My childhood a. Early childhood b. Teenage years c. Adult life II. Important people in my life a. My mother b. My boss c. My friends III. Personal, Professional, Academic goals a. To have a family b. To have my own business c. To get through school with a good GPA IV. Things that make me happy in the future a. Having a sense of purpose in life b. Being debt-free c. Going on a road trip with my friends My childhood is somethingRead MoreWillpower : What It Means?890 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesWillpower: What it means. Willpower can be defined as being your biggest goals and your highest values in your life. It is also the ability to hold your goals and values even when self-doubt is present. Also, possessing the ability to stay focused on the things that matter most. Willpower is not only being able to say that you are going to do something, but also the decisions you make to do, or not to do to achieve your goals. In my personal opinion, willpower is telling yourself that you are going toRead MoreEssay on What is a good life?1083 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesprobably considered one of the greatest achievementÃ¢â¬â¢s by a man which is having a good life. In my opinion, the decision if someone has a good life or not is up to them and their will to strive for something better than average during the high school years of their life. The reason I feel like it begins at that age in their life is because at this point of anyoneÃ¢â¬â¢s life they can determine their own future and strive for a better education if thatÃ¢â¬â¢s what they want. When a person is born, whether theyRead MorePersonal and Professional Goals.1305 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesPERSONAL GOALS AMINA BHAIDANI HCS/301 SEPTEMBER 14,2011 DR HAROLD VAN ALSTYNE PERSONAL GOALS Goal - The terminal point of race. The end toward which effort is directed. AIM. The score resulting from such an act (Webster 1972 ). Personal - Of related to. Belonging to a person ,private , directed to a single person . (Webster 1972 ) therefore personal goal to my understanding is aim of a person himself or herself. Aim of the person. My personal goal I would like to divide into
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
In the present study, the rat model of depression induced by reserpine was used to evaluate whether caffeine could treat depression or exaggerate it. The present data revealed that the daily reserpine treatment for 30 days induced a significant decrease in the cortical and hippocampal serotonin, norepinephrine and dopamine levels. In addition, a decrease in the motor activity was observed. This was indicated from the data of the open field test that exhibited a significant decrease in the number of line crossings, number of rearings and number of groomings and a significant increase in the time spent in the central square and freezing time. Immobility is a state/posture that reflects the condition of hopelessness and despair (Holmes,Ã¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦As a consequence to the oxidative catabolism of cytosolic dopamine, norepinephrine and serotonin by monoamine oxidase, the cellular oxidant, hydrogen peroxide is produced (Youdim et al., 2006). In addition, monoamines, particularly DA and NA can undergo spontaneous oxidation in the cytoplasm, and this may lead to the damage of cellular structures ( Wasik et al., 2009). The byproducts of these reactions include a number of potentially neurotoxic species, such as hydrogen peroxide and ammonia ( Barros-MiÃÅ"nones et al., 2015). In particular, hydrogen peroxide can trigger the production of reactive oxygen species and induce mitochondrial damage and neuronal apoptosis (Bortolato et al., 2008). The present findings revealed that reserpine induced oxidative stress in the cortex and hippocampus. This was indicated from the significant increase in lipid peroxidation (MDA) and nitric oxide (NO) levels together with the significant decrease in reduced glutathione (GSH). Under such conditions of inhibition of VMAT-2 induced by reserpine and the effect of monamine oxidase, the oxidative catabolism may explain the present oxidative stress induced in the cortex and hippocampus of rat model of depression. Malondialdehyde is produced from decomposition of products of lipid peroxidation (GaweÃ â et al., 2004). Thus, the observed increased MDA levels may arise from the attack of the neuronal membrane phospholipids by free radicals produced from monoamine catabolism. In addition, theShow MoreRelatedThe Rat Model Of Depression1668 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesIn the present study, the rat model of depression was induced by the daily i.p. injection of reserpine for 15 days. This was followed by monitoring the motor activity to check the development of the rat model of depression. Then the depressed rats were treated with cannabis extract to study its effect on this model. After 15 days of daily reserpine injection, a significant decrease in motor activity was recorded as assessed by the open field test (OFT). Together with the hunched back appearanceRead MoreRat Model Of Depression : Induced By Daily I.p1478 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesIn the present study, rat model of depression was induced by daily i.p. injection of reserpine for 15 days. This was followed by monitoring the motor activity to check the development of rat model of depression. Then the depressed rats were treated with cannabis extract to study its effect on this model. After 15 days of daily reserpine injection a significant decrease in the motor activity was recorded as assessed by the open field test (OFT). Together with the hunch back appearance that was observedRead MoreDepression And Its Effects On An Individual s Life Essay1273 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesindividualÃ¢â¬â¢s life. Unfortunately though, our understanding of this disorder is limited. Contributing to this is the fact that for several decades, there was only one theory on depression, which was the monoamine theory. This theory rationalized that depression was due to an absolute or relative deficiency of monoamines and that antidepressants work by correcting this deficiency (Willner, Scheel-KrÃ ¼ger, Belzung, 2013). Only within the last decade or two have there been new proposals on the causes of depressionRead MoreMental Illness Is A Serious Growing Issue1949 Words Ã |Ã 8 Pageset al., since the 1960Ã¢â¬â¢s many approaches on creating drugs have been based on the monoamine hypot hesis. The monoamine hypothesis states Ã¢â¬Å"depression is associated with reduced monoamine functionÃ¢â¬ (Dale, 2015). Monoamines are referred to as neurotransmitters containing a single amine that are thought to play a role in emotions; some examples include dopamine, norepinephrine, epinephrine and serotonin. The monoamines work by the release of neurotransmitter in response to an action potential. They areRead MoreEssay on ParkinsonÃ¢â¬â¢s Disease2135 Words Ã |Ã 9 Pagesassociated with degenerative changes (neuronal degeneration and depigmentation) in the substantia nigra and locus coeruleus. The pathologic changes in the substantia nigra involve dopaminergic neurons that project to the striatum and thus lead to the depletion of dopamine in the caudate nucleus and putamen. Patients with ParkinsonÃ¢â¬â¢s disease develop akinesia, rigidity, and tremor. The akinesia is manifested as difficulty in initiating and performing volitional movements of the most common type, in cludingRead MoreEssay on Parkinsons Disease4145 Words Ã |Ã 17 Pageslow level of excitatory activity to the motor cortex. The following diagram will help to clarify this information: As I mentioned before, the main pathological finding in PD that seems to result in the characteristic symptoms is a marked depletion of dopaminergic neurons that send their fibers from the substantia nigra to the striatum (nigrostriatal fibers). The lateral portion is almost always more severely affected, which supports the idea that the motor deficits in PD are due primarilyRead MorePsychology Case Study6803 Words Ã |Ã 28 Pagesanalyzed. Mice exposed to CPZ for 2 and 3 weeks displayed more climbing behavior and lower prepulse inhibition, suggesting an increase in central nervous system activity and impaired sensorimotor gating. In addition, they showed lower activities of monoamine oxidase and dopamine beta hydroxylase in the hippocampus and prefrontal cortex, and had higher dopamine but lower norepinephrine levels in the prefrontal cortex. Mice exposed to CPZ for 4 to 6 weeks had less social interaction, which is an animal
Charlotte BrontÃ « wrote Jane Eyre. The novel is a highly fascinating piece of gothic literature based during the nineteenth century. The story unfolds around a young Jane Eyre who grows both in character and body. She experiences love and mystery. She, through many trials, finds a true, wholesome, and godly relationship with the main male protagonist, Mr. Rochester. Jane Eyre occurs during the early nineteenth century in northern Britain. It takes place in multiple locations: Ã¢â¬Å"the Reed familyÃ¢â¬â¢s home at Gateshead, the wretched Lowood School, RochesterÃ¢â¬â¢s manor house Thornfield, the Rivers familyÃ¢â¬â¢s home at Moor House, and RochesterÃ¢â¬â¢s rural retreat at Ferndean.Ã¢â¬ There, because of the Industrial Revolution, the middle class prospers, and the lower class struggles, making a very obvious distinction between the two as shown in the comparison between Lowood and Thornfield. Women in this time are kept in a social light that dramatically sets them ap art from men. This light keeps them universally accepted to be submissive helpers who are Ã¢â¬Å"expected to do as their menfolk wish.Ã¢â¬ Jane Eyre matures in this environment and quietly revolts against it by consciously being as independent as possible. Jane Eyre is the female protagonist of the novel. She is an independent, honest, godly, and intelligent character who seeks love and kindred spirits. Working and providing for herself, she exercises integrity when faced with the dilemmas. Specifically, the dilemma of Mr. Rochester and theShow MoreRelatedCharlotte Bronte s Jane Eyre1371 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesIn a time period where women were unequal and unheard in society, Charlotte BrontÃ « expresses her feminist ideals through her novel Jane Eyre, an unexpected love story between an unlikely pair. During her work as a governess at Thornfield Hall, Jane gets to know her master, Mr. Rochester, very well and begins to fall in love with him. Jane at first forbids herself from a courtship because of the class difference between them; however, in time she learns that the feelings of love are mutual and theyRead MoreSummary Of Charlotte Bronte s Jane Eyre1607 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pageswere expected to obey a man s commands and were treated inferior to their male superior. This novel embodies the ideology of equality between men and women in society. Charlotte Bronte s novel Jane Eyre embraces many views in opposition to the Victorian gender limitations. Ultimately, the reader can see the author develops a variety of characters who not only represent but also challenge the established gender norms existing in the 1800s. Feminists like Charlotte Bronte, fight for equality emotionallyRead MoreAnalysis Of Charlotte Bronte s Jane Eyre 2054 Words Ã |Ã 9 Pageswith the present and consumed by desire and materialism, resulting in their inevitable self-destruction. In Charlotte BrontÃ «Ã¢â¬â¢s gothic novel, Jane Eyre, BrontÃ « creates a multitude of characters that represent the extremes of the id and the superego to contrast with JaneÃ¢â¬â¢s more balanced, ego-dominated self in order to reveal the dangers of falling out of balance within oneself. In doing so, BrontÃ « illustrates an aspect of the human condition that reveals that in order to maintain both inner and outerRead MoreMarxist Criticism On Charlotte Bronte s Jane Eyre1467 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesComposition March 18, 2016 Marxist Criticism on Charlotte BrontÃ « s Jane Eyre Some novels will not let the reader escape the social setting, and Charlotte BrontÃ « s Jane Eyre is no acceptation. The author implements a symphony of details that strikes the reader as a full blown portrait of society. The novel s surroundings profoundly influence the thoughts, emotions, and actions of every character, which makes out the setting to be as important to the novel s development as the characters and personalitiesRead MoreReview Of Charlotte Bronte s Jane Eyre 10879 Words Ã |Ã 44 PagesNotes Jane Eyre Background of author Name: Charlotte Bronte Birth/Death: April 21, 1816 to March 31,1855 Facts that connect: Mr. Brocklehurst is based off the Reverend Carus Wilson, the man who ran Cowan Bridge. Bronte lost two of her sisters, Mary and Elizabeth, to tuberculosis at Cowan Bridge. Bronte s brother, Patrick, became addicted to drugs and alcohol before he died. Similarities: She, along with her three sisters, was sent to the Clergy Daughters School at Cowan Bridge. Charlotte BronteRead MoreCharlotte Bronte s Jane Eyre1074 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesMatthew Fastiggi Jane Eyre Essay There is perhaps no human emotion that can evoke feelings of both utter despair and incredible joy like love can. Throughout the novel Jane Eyre by Charlotte Bronte, Jane searches tirelessly for love while living in a mostly cruel and heartless world. JaneÃ¢â¬â¢s journey goes from a childhood doll being the entirety of her love to marrying Mr. Rochester, the love of her life. This is symbolic of the massive change Jane undergoes throughout the novel and how love affectsRead MoreCharlotte Bronte s Jane Eyre1228 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagessuspense, Charlotte BronteÃ¢â¬â¢s Jane Eyre is a novel that the term Ã¢â¬Å"gothicÃ¢â¬ could be applied to. You can find these elements in the setting, characters, and in numerous places in the plot of this novel. Thornfield Hall is the quintessential gothic castle. Most gothic novels settings include; a castle, ruined or intact, haunted or not. (The Gothic Experience 1). Thornfiled Hall seems to have a life or story of its own throughout the plot. The way it is described changes as the story progresses. Jane is quotedRead MoreEquality Within Charlotte Bronte s Jane Eyre1673 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pageswere expected to obey a man s commands and were treated inferior to their male superior. This novel embodies the ideology of equality between men and women in society. Charlotte Bronte s novel Jane Eyre embraces many views in opposition to the Victorian gender limitations. Ultimately, the reader can see the author develops a variety of characters who not only represent but also challenge the established gender norms existing in the 1800s. Feminists like Charlotte Bronte, fight for equality emotionallyRead MoreAnalysis Of Charlotte Bronte s Jane Eyre1110 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesconsidered equal to men. They have not been since the beginning and although we say they are now, many would probably disagree. Charlotte BrontÃ « was no exception to this rule- she knew that society expected women to fit into a specific category rather than be their own individuals and she expressed her frustration towards this in Jane Eyre. Within this brief passage, Charlotte BrontÃ « elegantly employs symbolism, allusions, and diction in order to assert JaneÃ¢â¬â¢s determination to stay true to herself, despiteRead MoreReview Of Charlotte Bronte s Jane Eyre 933 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesTitle: Jane Eyre Author: Charlotte Bronte Main Characters (Protagonist/Antagonist), Title, Traits: Jane Eyre (Protagonist): main character, lost, alone, devastated Rochester (Protagonist): master of Thornfield, loves Jane, secretive, caring St. John (Protagonist): missionary loves Jane, cold, reserved, controlling Mrs. Reed (Antagonist): JaneÃ¢â¬â¢s aunt, cruel, resent Mr. Brocklehurst (Antagonist): principal, cruel, hypocritical Setting: England in the 19th century. Gateshead, Lowood Institute
The Picture of Dorian Gray is a wonderful story that provides insight on the effect that sin has on the soul. In the beginning of the story Dorian is a kind hearted man, but by the end he becomes a cold blooded murderer who thinks only about himself. The ending is also very interesting in the sense that although Oscar Wilde escaped suspicion, revenge from James and those who could put his pursuit of pleasure in jeopardy, Dorian could not escape himself. This is the theme that really stuck with me. Dorian pursued pleasure with complete disregard for his soul or his conscience and in the end it led to his lack of pleasure and death. Dorian Gray originally is a noble character that genuinely cares about others. We see this in his good nature and love for Sybil the actress. Unfortunately Lord HenryÃ¢â¬â¢s philosophy on life corrupts Dorian. Lord Henry states that pleasure is the only thing worth living for and that Ã¢â¬Å"The only way to get rid of a temptation is to yield to it. We will write a custom essay sample on Dorian Gray Theme or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page Resist it, and your soul grows sick with longing for the things it has forbidden to itself, with desire for what its monstrous laws have made monstrous and unlawful. Ã¢â¬ While these things that are said are immoral and ethically wrong, Basil hints that Lord Henry is not as a bad as Lord Henry makes himself out to be. Unfortunately Dorian does not see this and his pursuit of pleasure leads to his demise. BasilÃ¢â¬â¢s painting represents DorianÃ¢â¬â¢s soul. The painting starts out beautiful and depicts DorianÃ¢â¬â¢s good heart and other-centric personality. However, when Dorian abandons Sybil for selfish reasons the painting begins to lose it beauty and becomes corrupted as DorianÃ¢â¬â¢s soul does. Dorian disappears for years and comes back from years in the pursuit of pleasure. Oscar Wilde does not tell us individual sins that Dorian has committed and in doing this he allows the reader to fill this void with their own ideas of what are the worst horrors and sins. Edgar Alan Poe also did this in his story Hop Frog. By not specifying the sins, the audience doesnÃ¢â¬â¢t have the opportunity to question the ethical decision of the character. Rather this strategic silence allows the author to move on with the story while still impacting the reader in the way he wants. In Hop Frog and Dorian Gray, the authorÃ¢â¬â¢s vague description of wrong doing enables the reader to presume the worst from the antagonists and justify the antagonistÃ¢â¬â¢s grisly end. After Dorian murderÃ¢â¬â¢s Basil, Dorian begins to feel guilty and he swears he will start a new and wholesome life. Despite his efforts and his fortunate luck (James who was going to kill him died is a bizarre accident) Dorian cannot escape himself. The portrait of himself will always remind him of what he truly is inside. No matter what he does Dorian cannot escape the past or his wrong doings. This situation applies to most readers, as most people have gotten away with a sin. Although no one else knows about the wrong doing, the individual cannot escape the guilt or memory of what they have done. This is what happens to Dorian and the only way to escape his guilt is through suicide (unintentional). The Picture of Dorian Gray provides many good moral lessons that should be observed by anyone who reads the book. Morals that come to mind are Ã¢â¬Å"Beware your sin will find you out,Ã¢â¬ and selfishness will only bring you pain. Dorian Gray tried to find individual pleasure, but pleasures are not found in the individual. Rather pleasure is found in love, God and friendship, something that can only be found in others. Due to DorianÃ¢â¬â¢s egocentric lifestyle, he never found pleasure and sacrificed his soul in his pursuit of happiness. While Dorian escaped the wrath of others, Dorian couldnÃ¢â¬â¢t escape himself or his past which resulted in his death as a lonely and unhappy man.
Tuesday, May 5, 2020
Question: Discuss about the Whistle Blowing and Types. Answer: Introduction: This paper states the detailed discussion on whistleblowing and how this study is related to corporate ethics. However, complete discussion is done on the basis of case study, United States v. Skilling, Criminal Number H-04-025. In this case Court considers three issues: Whether honest services on the basis of fraud conviction can be affirmed if defendant acted for meeting the objectives of his employers and not for his own personal gain. Whether the conclusion of Panels that trial court made mistake in failing to presume prejudice among jurors in this case reversal of the convictions, and the views expressed by jurors actually seated in the case. For matter of law, whether statement deemed immaterial puffery in the context of civil fraud may nonetheless predicate for criminal fraud conviction, and whether any specific instructions were given on the meaning of materiality under security fraud law. This case is considered as important case in context of white-collar action case ever prosecuted, and Mr. Skilling was the former CEO of Enron who was accused in taking part in conspiracy in which financial health of Enron was overstated. It must be noted that Skilling was not accused for any act which involves acts of disloyalty such as stealing of money from Enron, causing bankruptcy to Enron, and engaging in cover-up (Austlii, 2003). Lastly paper is concluded with brief conclusion which includes summary of this report. Brief history of organization: Enron Corporation was an American company which deals with energy, commodities, and services. This company was based on Houston, Texas. This company was found in 1985 and it result from the merger of Houston Natural Gas and InterNorth, both the companies were small regional companies. Before the bankruptcy of company on 2nd December 2001, almost 20000 staff was employed by Enron and it becomes one of the world's major electricity, natural gas, communications and pulp and paper companies with claimed revenues of almost $101 billion during the year of 2000. As per fortune, Enron was named as Americas more innovative company for almost 6 consecutive years (Cook, 2008). Argument: Mr. Skilling argues that counts related to insider trading must be dismissed because these counts alleges wrong mens rea, and because of the material they were not able to identify, and information which was non-public and stated under each alleged insider trading. Skilling argues related to insider trading counts bust specifically mentioned first five which mainly targets trades held on 23rd October 2000. He further alleges wrong standard of mens rea because of the mens rea standard possess by task force rather than using such information intentionally for the purpose of defraud that was contrary to the intent of congress and also eliminates the factor of scienter related to the charged offense. By citing the caselaw United States v. Smith, 155 F.3d 1051, 1068 n.25 (9th Cir. 1998), Skilling made further argument that better reasoned appellate authorities, includes the only case to address the use versus possession for put questioned in the context of criminal nature. Skilling made further argument that charges which were based on the trades because of the post-date rules which should be dismissed on the basis of the additional reason, and these additional reasons that they should not reflect the new rules awareness standards task force of Enron respond that when the language read practically and technically (Clearly, n.d.). Opposition argument: Allegation made on skilling that he sold stock of Enron while possessing the material was the information which was non-public in nature and it constitutes a deceptive device contrivance only if the material, nonpublic information was a factor which is related to Skillings decision for making the charges related to trades because if it were not considered as factor, then there was no breach of fiduciary duty to the shareholders of Enron would happen. In this case, judges held that Mr. Skilling is guilty and sentenced him imprisonment from the period of 168 months. After considering the above stated provisions this decision of the Court is justified (Find Law, n.d.). Ethical theories: From ethical point of view, internal reporting is considered best for the health of the organization. If organizations provides easy platform to their employees for the purpose of reporting small issues then it becomes easy for organization to same themselves from big issues at external level. There are some ethical theories which deal the issue of whistleblowing, and these theories are Kantian (duty), virtue, and utilitarian. Kantian theory is the theory which instructs people to act in harmony on the basis of rules which are universally accepted. Though Kant person does not consider the self-sacrifice which is usually required in whistleblowing, and Kant theory wants that an individual must stand firmly for telling the truth, without considering about personal outcome. On the other hand, Virtue theory requires that an individual to use his integrity and courage (Commonwealth ombudsman, n.d.) By giving Report related to unethical activities of colleagues, ensures obligation related to safety, or fraud ensures the integrity in professional character of person. This can be understood through example a main aim of employee goal is to remain loyal with the organization by providing relief to a client and any person who is suffering. After considering the concept of blind eye that practices that go against that primary aim must be reported to the authorities of organization, and organization must take strict actions on such reports. Ethical theory of consequentialism states a justification for whistleblowing which is powerful in nature and maximizing the benefit for human by minimizing the harm. Some standards elated to this theory are stated below which are summarized by Davis (2003, pp. 89-90). The organization from which such would-be whistleblower belongs must through its products or any other services or policy, do serious and considerable harm to the public. It is necessary that whistle blower must foresee the threat of harm, and such harm must be reported to the supervisor. It is necessary that whistle blower must check out other internal procedures stated under the organization. This can be understood through example whistle blower must follow the internal checks of the organization. Whistle blower must present admissible evidence which help the observer to take impartial decision. Whistle blower must have good reason to believe if threat is revealed then it prevent future harm (Coney, 1988). Conclusion: After considering above facts it is clear that whistleblowing is not only necessary for objective point of view but it is also necessary from ethical point of view as well. Therefore, it is clear that such information must be given in hope that person to whom information is given done something which changed this practice. In maximum cases, employees inform these illegal and immoral incidents within the organization, and does not make bad publicity of their organization and this type of whistle blowing is called internal whistleblowing. However, peoples preferred to call this internal reporting. In case stated above, judges held that Mr. Skilling is guilty and sentenced him imprisonment from the period of 168 months. After considering the above stated theories this decision of the Court is justified. As stated Kantian theory is the theory which instructs people to act in harmony on the basis of rules which are universally accepted. Though Kant person does not consider the self-sacrifice which is usually required in whistleblowing, and Kant theory wants that an individual must stand firmly for telling the truth, without considering about personal outcome. Therefore, in this case also Mr. Skilling is required to adopt the provisions of Kant theory. References: Austlii. Lewis, David --- "Whistleblowing Statutes in Australia: Is It Time for a New Agenda?"  DeakinLawRw 16; (2003) 8(2) Deakin Law Review 318. Viewed at: https://www.austlii.edu.au/au/journals/DeakinLawRw/2003/16.html#fnB23. Accessed on 6th October 2017. Clearly, S. Nurse Whistleblowers In Australian Hospitals: A Critical Case Study. Viewed at: https://dro.deakin.edu.au/eserv/DU:30067381/cleary-nurse-2014A.pdf. Accessed on 6th October 2017. Commonwealth Ombudsman. (2013). The Public Interest Disclosure Act 2013 whats it all bout? Canberra ACT: Commonwealth Ombudsman Retrieved from. Viewed at: https://www.ombudsman.gov.au/docs/fact-sheets/Ombudsman_PID_Fact_SheetA.pdf. Accessed on 6th October 2017. Coney, S. (1988). The Unfortunate experiment. The full story behind the Inquiry into Cervical Cook, E. (1913). The life of Florence Nightingale 1820-1861. London: Macmillan and Co. Cook, K. L. B. (2008). Whistleblowing: Is it good for an organization? Antennas and Propagation Magazine, IEEE, 50(6), 188-189. Dixon-Woods, M, Baker, R, Charles, K, Dawson, J, Jerzembek, G, Martin, G, McCarthy, I, McKee, L, Minion, J, Ozieranski, P. (2014). Culture and behaviour in the English National Health Service: Overview of lessons from a large multimethod study. BMJ Quality Safety, 23(2), 106-115. Findlaw. In the united states district court for the southern district of texas houston division. Viewed at: https://news.findlaw.com/hdocs/docs/enron/usskllng122805opn.pdf. Accessed on 6th Octobeer 2017. United States v. Skilling, Criminal Number H-04-025 (S.D. Tex. Oct. 23, 2006).