Wednesday, August 26, 2020

The Issue Of Reflection Education Essay Free Essays

Consideration as characterized by the Oxford English dictionary ( 1993 ) implies ‘idea beginning in the head ‘ and head implies ‘seat of cognizance, thought, will, and encountering ‘ . It appears to be thusly that examination, in an each twenty-four hours term is tied in with accepting that includes will and feeling, accordingly consideration is extremely close to home as we are in solitude people. Along these lines, if consideration is accepting for what reason are we being surveyed on it, and how might it be evaluated as surely we as a whole suspect something. We will compose a custom article test on The Issue Of Reflection Education Essay or on the other hand any comparative point just for you Request Now Are agonizing model hypothetical records, a help to help me accept or a help to help the assessor ‘s buttockss me? Am I being skeptical or is criticism precise perception? Have we cover how to accept? Is it true that we are populating during a time where the stride of life is quick to such an extent that individuals do n’t hold clasp to accept any more? Is that why consideration is currently being fused into course of studies or is it to elevate obtaining and the framing of develops and associations? Is it to do me gain what my ain considerations are, and which are individual else ‘s? Or then again is it as King and Kitchener ( 1994 refered to Moon 2001, p.8 ) propose to contest my procurement and in this way better my subjective capacity? From the start I imagined that examination was a muddled issue, however so I discovered that it was about idea. At the point when I preeminent got this task I ‘thought ‘ that I would really relax it, as I would have the option to be originative however while reflecting during the activity of roll uping my portfolio, and exploring for my agonizing paper, I have gotten angry, non in light of the fact that I am resistant to change but since I feel that it is meddlesome and a little disparaging to give me individual else ‘s hypothetical record or recipe of how to accept. It appears that Moon ( 2001, p.16 ) would hold with me as she recommends Are understudies advised to reflect when truly they will only follow a recipe ( for example set requests ; thorough connection to the Kolb beat ( Kolb, 1984 ) ? Cause students to have their considerations as children own their show? From my own experience I would beg to contrast as when I utilized the agonizing hypothetical record of Price ( 2002 ) to think about my unit An assignments I thought that it was covering and wound up over-swelling my convictions of isolation with the goal that I would hold something to make about in that part of the model. Bolton ( 1998 ) would recommend that my cautious disposition is ‘a get bying plan ‘ and that I am opposing ‘change and improvement ‘ . Though Lifton ( 1961 refered to Atherton 2003 ) depicts the methodology of thought change as ‘brainwashing ‘ . For me these hypothetical records are good judgment and subsequently I have been angry towards them. During one of our exercises we were given a piece of paper with agonizing hypothetical records on it and requested to take one to ponder our introduction. By and by, I had just reflected upon my introduction quickly in a flash after I had completed it, so again in more profundity in my auto on the way place thus again in much more profundity when I examined it with my hubby, read all the introduction public statements, and contrasted my introduction and every other person ‘s. Along these lines by and by I do n’t experience that I got the hang of anything by using Price ‘s ( 2002 ) intelligent model hypothetical record. Anyway I have since learnt after thinking about my procurement way that the majority of my securing highlights are that of the ‘dreamer ‘ ( Cottrell 2003, p.63 ) . One of the qualities of the ‘dreamer ‘ is to reflect and quantify great. Along these lines I can value that Price ‘s ( 2002 ) intelligent model hypothetical record might be all the more great to perhaps, the less fatty with ‘logician ‘ includes as Cottrell ( 2003, p.63 ) suggests that their learning nation to be created is ‘personal consideration ‘ . Anyway I do non experience that understudies can be categorized into certain learning types, despite the fact that I should recognize that the majority of my highlights were right on the money with Cottrell ‘s ( 2003 ) visionary larning way. It would look that consideration has regarded me all things considered, as it has made me aware of my learning way or habits and made me gain that the utilization of agonizing models are covering for me, consequently I have thought around, ‘reflected upon ‘ and took in something from ‘the experience ‘ . It appears that my learnin g experience is identified with Boud et Al ‘s ( 1985 ) meaning of consideration as they characterizes it as A conventional term for those levelheaded and strong exercises where people draw in to investigate their encounters so as to take to another anxiety and handle ( Draper 1999 ) . It appears that Boud et al see thought from the researcher ‘s purpose of position, underscoring the relationship of the agonizing technique and the learning experience. For outline I have gained from the experience of using agonizing model hypothetical records that I discover them covering. Though Dewey ( 1993 ) characterizes examination as A functioning persevering and cautious thought of any conviction or assumed signifier of comprehension in the obvious radiation of the confirmations that help it and the farther choice to which it tends ( Draper 1999 ) . Dewey positions consideration as experiential procurement and that each experience impacts future encounters. For delineation Dewey may hold that from the racial inclination that I examined in region two that I take this involvement in me to future encounters. For delineation through observing a portion of the dark residents of Africa twisted by means of non being vaccinated against childish loss of motion I have non wavered to immunize my children against illnesses, for example, juvenile loss of motion, pandemic parotitiss, rubeolas and German measles. Accordingly a past encounter can illuminate a current encounter, for example, regardless of whether I should let my young people to be vaccinated against meningitis. Sch A ; ouml ; n ( 1993, 1987 refered to Moon 2001, p. 3 ) central focuses on thought in proficient perception and its turn of events. He has distinguished two kinds of consideration. These are ‘reflection in real life ‘ and ‘reflection on activity ‘ . Sch A ; ouml ; n recommends that these sorts of examinations are utilized in alone condition of affairss, where the practician can't utilize ‘theories or procedures previously learnt through conventional guidance ‘ ( Moon 2001, p.4 ) . It would in this manner look that ‘reflection in real life ‘ and ‘reflection on activity ‘ are amazingly acceptable to the consideration and instructive ventures as practicians are working with people who are more every now and again than non, course book representations. Reflection is a cardinal part of my kid care design as I work with children and families who are people with alone characteristics. This implies each clasp I do a movement I ma y require to make it in any case as I will require to see the individual requests of the youngster/kids and that of their folks. For outline, on the off chance that you were a plant specialist and you stuffed bars your examination in real life would n’t take as long, in light of the fact that you would be working with lifeless things. In this way your considerations might be increasingly matter-of-reality while in my occupation I am covering with babies, yearlings, children and adults, subsequently my examinations are invariable and are bound to be founded on feelings, as I am working with people who have feelings too much. As the central ethos of my example is to deal with each child and family unit part as people, I thusly reflect ‘in activity ‘ all through my hands on twenty-four hours and reflect ‘on activity ‘ , once in a while in a split second after an activity, and some of the time in this way in the eventide. For outline when a parent shows up they may advise me regarding the hot end of the week that they have had. This data that I am furnished with influences my conside ration in real life. For representation in the event that I have been educated that a child is probably going to be truly worn out today and I have arranged a hot twenty-four hours, I would accept on my toes and oblige the yearss exercises to suit a sleep in for that kid. It would look that consideration is an oddity as there are various significances and kinds of thought, the above being only a couple. What is obvious however is that examination is truly entangled which is dry sing that thinking is extremely simple. Perhaps so it is non the system of examination that is troublesome, ‘the thought ‘ in any case, it is covering with the feelings that reflection brings. Perhaps I am being evaluated on my examination capacities as they are of import to my all encompassing individual, guidance and example advancement. Perhaps my skepticism in the introduction is solid as, No grown-up male who adores guidance has the best out of instruction†¦ Without a delicate contempt for guidance no grown-up male ‘s guidance is finished. Gilbert K. Chesterton I without a doubt feel that I have my underlying contempt for examination out of my framework as I have understood that consideration has helped me do associations, for example, the nexus between my learning way and seting the functional origin of assignments off for each piece long as could be expected under the circumstances. Examination has as King and Kitchener proposed ‘improved my intellectual capacity ‘ , as I currently have a superior dread of consideration and myself. I other than feel that understudies do have their thoughts as they own their days gone by encounters which they draw after during consideration. By and by I do non like agonizing model hypothetical records yet I value that they can be great for understudies who discover consideration hard.

Saturday, August 22, 2020

Essay on Polynomial and Great Falls College

Article on Polynomial and Great Falls College Article on Polynomial and Great Falls College Foundation: Great Falls College Montana State University COURSE TITLE: College Algebra COURSE NUMBER: M 121- ­Ã¢â‚¬ 80, M 121- ­Ã¢â‚¬ 81 NUMBER OF CREDITS: 3 SEMESTER/YEAR: Fall 2013 Teacher: Ronald Yates Email: ronald.yates2@gfcmsu.edu Office Hours: By arrangement I. COURSE DESCRIPTION: This course presents concepts, principles and methods of school  ­Ã¢â‚¬ level algebra. Topics to be covered include polynomial, rational, radical, exponential, and logarithmic functions and their graphs, and real and complex numbers. II. COURSE MATERIALS: Textbook: College Algebra: Graphs and Models, Fifth Edition, by Bittinger/Beecher/Ellenbogen/Penna, published by Pearson Access Code: MyMathLab access code is packaged within new textbooks or may be bought independently. Calculator: A scientific calculator is required. A TI- ­Ã¢â‚¬ 83/84 (or equivalent) graphing adding machine is strongly recommended. A calculator with a symbolic manipulator (TI- ­Ã¢â‚¬ 89, TI- ­Ã¢â‚¬  92, etc.) will not be allowed for testing. III. COURSE OBJECTIVES: Upon completion of the course, the student will demonstrate a minimum competency level of 70% in the following areas: 1. Manipulate real and complex numbers. 2. Manipulate polynomial, rational, radical, exponential, and logarithmic functions of a real variable. 3. Graph polynomial, rational, radical, exponential, and logarithmic functions of a real variable. 4. Find inverse functions for selected polynomial, rational, radical, exponential, and logarithmic functions of a real variable. 5. Use polynomial, rational, radical, exponential, and logarithmic functions of a real variable to model genuine  ­Ã¢â‚¬ world phenomena and solve applied issues. Revised August 2013 IV. COURSE OUTLINE: (See Addendum for Detailed Calendar) Chapter 1: Graphs, Functions, and Models Chapter 2: More on Functions Chapter 3: Quadratic Functions and Equations; Inequalities Chapter 4: Polynomial and Rational Functions Chapter 5: Exponential & Logarithmic Functions V. COURSE CALENDAR †See Addendum This schedule is subject to change at the discretion of the course instructor to accommodate instructional and/or student needs. VI. COURSE EVALUATION †See Addendum for Details

Bi-lingual Education Example

Bi Bi Bilingual Education The site d â€Å"Bilingual Education: A critique†, by Peter J. Duignan, is an instructive site that assesses the development of bilingual training since the Civil Right Act of 1968 and Bilingual Education Act of 1968. Its motivation is in this way to instruct. The creator of has investigated the act of bilingual instruction by giving its experience contentions for and against it, and a productive methodology of multicultural just as multilingual training. What's more, Duignan has considered the suitability of bilingual training dependent on set up claims and profiled Latinos. Few bilingual instruction advocates have been distinguished and their suppositions talked about (Duignan). Hoover Institution press site partners itself with this distribution by Duignan. It gives a rundown of â€Å"Bilingual Education: A critique†, which demonstrates the improvement of bilingual training (Duignan). Peter J. Duignan, a productive author, is a senior part at the Hoover Institution. Duignan has an experts and doctoral degrees in history from Stanford University. He is a partner of the Stanford University African Studies Committee and the Council of European Studies (Duignan). Duignan is likewise an individual from African Studies Association, Association of Research Libraries, East Studies Association, American History Association, and Royal Historical Society, among others. Duignan has far reaching distributions on relative frontier history, movement, African reference index and documentation, present day European history, U.S. international strategy, Atlantic Alliance, just as Hispanics in the United States. Duignan’s current distributions incorporate Bilingual Education: A Critique, The Spanish Speakers in the United States: A History, NATO: Its Past, Present and Future just as African and the World. Diminish J. Duignan has gotten a few honors, which incorporate the Rockefeller Foundation grant, global association, Guggenheim coope ration, and Ford remote zone partnership to Africa (Duignan). The site is financed by the Hoover Institution of Stanford University. The article by Duignan is under the monographs of Hoover Institution’s distributions. Besides, the article’s copyright is claimed by the Board of Trustees of Leland Stanford Junior University. I accept that the data contained in the distribution is right considering the author’s qualifications. Duignan gives exact subtleties of bilingual instruction while referencing the case of their event. Furthermore, Duignan has put together his work with respect to other licensed discoveries just as distributions (Duignan).Work CitedDuignan, Peter J. Bilingual Education: A Critique. 1998. . 27 October 2011.

Friday, August 21, 2020

Melatonin essays

Melatonin expositions The pineal body, otherwise called the pineal organ, is a little structure reaching out from the back fringe of the mind inside the third ventricle and along the midline (1,2). It isn't quite of the mind, however an individual from the endocrine framework (1). This pea-sized, pine coned shape structure was first focused on in 1963 when it was found that its central emission, melatonin, was engaged with different organ and tissue guideline (3). Prior to at that point, the structure was just accepted to be the remaining parts of a crude tangible framework (3). Much is as yet obscure about this individual from the endocrine framework. Melatonin is the major secretory result of the pineal body albeit numerous peptide and amine emissions have been perceived originating from this structure (1). Melatonins essential job is in the guideline of circadian rhythms, including rest/wake cycles and center internal heat level, and is now and then called the ace hormone along these lines (3). In any case, it is unsure whether it can completely manage all human circadian rhythms (4). The compound structure of melatonin is little and like that of serotonin (3). It is conveyed to different organs and tissues through the circulatory framework as a hormone and emission levels ascend around evening time since it is invigorated by haziness and stifled by light (3,5). This is on the grounds that is it orchestrated by photoreceptor structures in the pineal organ which get input by implication from visual pathways (1,5). High melatonin levels cause sluggishness and the vast majority want to rest around evening time on the grounds that the murkiness animates melatonin emission (3). Oral portions of melatonin can move the bodys clock forward or in reverse creation it a treatment for a sleeping disorder, fly slack, occasional sadness and time changes, albeit a potential symptom might be daytime sluggishness in a couple of touchy individuals (3). Melatonin may likewise be a potential treatment for specific malignant growths. Ladies with e... <!

Write a Successful CDR Report

Write a Successful CDR Report Competency Demonstration Report abbreviation of CDR. It plays a vital role for the individuals who are looking forward to getting the skilled migration visa for Australia. You should have to follow every guideline given in the MSA booklet by EA and include all the attributes. The CDR Report is an essential part of your CV which highlights all the information about you.   Requirements of CDR Report Summary Requirements of CDR ReportCDR Report WritingTips to Prepare an Effective CDR REPORT:successful tips for you1. Understand the purpose2. Be Honest3. Choice of Topic4.   Choice of Words5.The tone of the Report6. The importance of Summary Statement7. Say no to Plagiarism8.Break it into steps Career Report: In the career report, you will need to provide a long essay in which you define the engineering class you will be applying it. Be very fixed while writing down the tips. Summary Statement: Summary Report short but is difficult and one of the most important parts. In this first part, you will need to report the projects you have to handle before. CPD: CPD report is one of the most important for CDR Report, and you will need to mention your developments in different fields. CDR Report Writing CDR Report needs a lot of time and effort. They should mention the accurate details. For Migration Skills Assessment, a complete CDR report, which should be submitted to EA. CDR Application formThe copies of your academic recordsInternational English Language Test resultCurriculum Vitae or ResumeThe declaration that you have done the CDR reportSummary Statement with elements linked to correct paragraphs in Career EpisodesThree Career EpisodesContinuous Professional Development list Tips to Prepare an Effective CDR REPORT: A useful well-written report can make your dream of working in Australia come true. We have some suggestions for your help to maintain the CDR report. A good CDR works as an assessment standard that evaluates engineering degrees. You earned the experience gathered by working in the field. If you write your CDR report not correct, the chances are high that you have no success. The assessment of the report can make or break your success. Our expert provides you with the best service from calltutor.com. It can help you establish a permanent success in Australia. Or can also delete all your chances of fix a livelihood in Australia. successful tips for you 1. Understand the purpose Nobody likes to read wordy books. Your CDR report should be brief and comprehensive. You are sure that it gives out all the required information regarding your skills. Skip the extra details and write more about your tasks and achievements. Trust me when I say about this â€" none of the assessors wants to know about the profile that you have worked for. 2. Be Honest Blinded by objective, applicants write expensive lies in the report to impress the assessors. This may make their stories look good. It can be turn out to be quite a nightmare. You may look at your partner report and see him/her claiming achievements that they have not attained. Abstain from the desire of doing the same and be truthful about your milestones. Engineers Australia has a dependable policy for cross-checking the feature that you include in your CDR Report. 3. Choice of Topic Half your battle of coming up with a well-written CDR Report is won when you can come up with a good sample for your three Career event in the report. So the tip here for you is to experience the capabilities that the EA typically searches for in a designer. You can likewise check tests composed by CDR report writers to get a thought for your Episodes. Also, be exceptionally cautious concerning the class that you are applying for and pick a theme appropriately to feature your effectiveness well. 4.   Choice of Words While writing the CDR for engineers Australia be very careful of the words and the tone you choose. The tone should be formal, and the writing style should fit into the standards set by Engineers Australia. Since you are not from Australia, do keep the differences in dialect and spellings in mind. The English may differ; so be careful about your choice of words. 5.The tone of the Report The three profession occasion in your CDR ought to consistently be in the dynamic voice. This will make it sound progressively close to home and engaging. The tone of the report ought to be formal and simultaneously, captivating. Rather than causing it tedious, to incorporate more realities and subtleties of your encounters as a specialist and discussion about the honors you have accomplished in your vocation. 6. The importance of Summary Statement The outline articulation is the fundamental impression that an assessor will hold of you as a candidate. The Summary Statement ought to be illustrative enough with the goal that the individual, understanding it, gets knowledge of you and your three profession occasions before moving into the real report. 7. Say no to Plagiarism Written plagiarism is a tricky enemy and can get your CDR report rejected. In this manner, be exceptionally mindful of the realities that you use in your report and cross-check whether they all are sound or not. A typical mix-up that a considerable lot of you do is taking the substance for your report from the CDR tests that are accessible on the web. You can utilize the models for these reasons. however other than that dont duplicate content. 8.Break it into steps Composing a CDR is anything but a one-day undertaking and can be very dreary. What happens is most up-and-comers begin writing the news with a gung-ho disposition, and afterward, their eagerness loosens with the repetitive procedure. This is the reason most reports start on an amazing note yet end up as a dreary. A CDR report is a broadly detailed thing, and this way ought to be arranged in all respects carefully. At last, be twofold sure that you have pursued every one of the benchmarks given by the EA to evade any horrible result. Whenever introduced ineffectively, the CDR that you have sent to the Engineers Australia can go about as a burden in the way of your odds to fabricate a profession in Australia. Hope we clear all the must point you should have to do while writing your CDR report if you cant dot this by your own dont worry you can hire take CDR writing service provided by the expert writers at affordable prices.

Friday, June 26, 2020

Relaxation Techniques and How They Help In Witnesses Recall - 11550 Words

Relaxation Techniques and How They Help In Witnesses Recall (Dissertation Sample) Content: Relaxation Techniques and How They Help In Witnesses RecallStudents NameSupervisorAcknowledgementsMany thanks to my supervisor for the endless help she provided throughout this study and the support she gave to me. Many thanks also go to Greenwich University Library because this work would not have been probable without all the research that was made available to me.AbstractTestimony from wittiness is one of the widely and most influential methods used in court. It is also note able that witnesses recall preparation should be based on helping witnesses to be able to present a message that is clear and effective. Thus, Witness recall and preparation are two important aspects that require great concern from all concerned parties.The specific objective of this research will be to show that relaxation techniques can help memory recall among crime witnesses. In this study the hypothetical foundation will be made because it will help giving more support to the topic under s tudy. The hypothesis in this case will be as follows. HO= People who practice relaxation techniques maybe can recall more easily memories as witnesses in a crime scene. HA= People who practice relaxation techniques may be cannot recall more easily memories as witnesses in a crime. False convictions remain a key issue in courts due to lack of clear or relevant evidence from crime witnesses. The study will analyse a number of relaxation techniques and try to examine the degree to which they affect the memory recall of a witnessTable of Contents TOC \o "1-3" \h \z \u  HYPERLINK \l "_Toc387243593" Relaxation Techniques and How They Help In Witnesses Recall  PAGEREF _Toc387243593 \h 1 HYPERLINK \l "_Toc387243594" Students Name  PAGEREF _Toc387243594 \h 1 HYPERLINK \l "_Toc387243595" Acknowledgements  PAGEREF _Toc387243595 \h 2 HYPERLINK \l "_Toc387243596" Abstract  PAGEREF _Toc387243596 \h 3 HYPERLINK \l "_Toc387243597" Table of Contents  PAGEREF _To c387243597 \h 3 HYPERLINK \l "_Toc387243598" Chapter1  PAGEREF _Toc387243598 \h 6 HYPERLINK \l "_Toc387243599" 1.2 Hypothetical Foundation  PAGEREF _Toc387243599 \h 9 HYPERLINK \l "_Toc387243600" Chapter 2: Literature Review  PAGEREF _Toc387243600 \h 10 HYPERLINK \l "_Toc387243602" 2.1 Relaxation techniques  PAGEREF _Toc387243602 \h 12 HYPERLINK \l "_Toc387243603" 2.2 Eye closure  PAGEREF _Toc387243603 \h 12 HYPERLINK \l "_Toc387243604" 2.3 Cognitive interviews  PAGEREF _Toc387243604 \h 13 HYPERLINK \l "_Toc387243605" 2.4 Meditation  PAGEREF _Toc387243605 \h 14 HYPERLINK \l "_Toc387243606" 2.5 Self hypnosis  PAGEREF _Toc387243606 \h 16 HYPERLINK \l "_Toc387243607" 2.6 Self efficacy approach  PAGEREF _Toc387243607 \h 17 HYPERLINK \l "_Toc387243608" 2.6.1 Self efficacy sources  PAGEREF _Toc387243608 \h 18 HYPERLINK \l "_Toc387243609" Chapter 3: Theoretical Perspectives  PAGEREF _Toc387243609 \h 2 0 HYPERLINK \l "_Toc387243610"  3.1 ABC relaxation theory  PAGEREF _Toc387243610 \h 20 HYPERLINK \l "_Toc387243611" 3.1.1 R states, R altitude, and R beliefs  PAGEREF _Toc387243611 \h 21 HYPERLINK \l "_Toc387243612" 3.2 ABC relaxation theory View  PAGEREF _Toc387243612 \h 22 HYPERLINK \l "_Toc387243613" 3.3 Confidence theories  PAGEREF _Toc387243613 \h 23 HYPERLINK \l "_Toc387243614" Chapter 4  PAGEREF _Toc387243614 \h 24 HYPERLINK \l "_Toc387243615" 4.1 Informal process  PAGEREF _Toc387243615 \h 24 HYPERLINK \l "_Toc387243616" 4.1.1 Cognitive dialogue  PAGEREF _Toc387243616 \h 25 HYPERLINK \l "_Toc387243617" 4.1.2 Memory Recuperation  PAGEREF _Toc387243617 \h 26 HYPERLINK \l "_Toc387243618" 4.1.3 Applied Techniques  PAGEREF _Toc387243618 \h 26 HYPERLINK \l "_Toc387243619" 4.1.4 Progressive Muscle Relaxation  PAGEREF _Toc387243619 \h 27 HYPERLINK \l "_Toc387243620" 4.1.5 Biofeedback  PAGEREF _Toc38 7243620 \h 27 HYPERLINK \l "_Toc387243621" 4.1.6 Brainwaves  PAGEREF _Toc387243621 \h 28 HYPERLINK \l "_Toc387243622" 4.1.7 Skin conductance  PAGEREF _Toc387243622 \h 29 HYPERLINK \l "_Toc387243623" 4.1.8 Autogenic Training  PAGEREF _Toc387243623 \h 29 HYPERLINK \l "_Toc387243624" 4.1.9 Deep breathing  PAGEREF _Toc387243624 \h 30 HYPERLINK \l "_Toc387243626" 4.1.10 Self-hypnosis  PAGEREF _Toc387243626 \h 30 HYPERLINK \l "_Toc387243627" 4.1.11 Visualization:  PAGEREF _Toc387243627 \h 31 HYPERLINK \l "_Toc387243628" Chapter 5: Data collection Methods  PAGEREF _Toc387243628 \h 32 HYPERLINK \l "_Toc387243629" 5.1The interpretive research approach  PAGEREF _Toc387243629 \h 33 HYPERLINK \l "_Toc387243630" 5.2 Research Methodology  PAGEREF _Toc387243630 \h 34 HYPERLINK \l "_Toc387243631" 5.3 Sample  PAGEREF _Toc387243631 \h 35 HYPERLINK \l "_Toc387243632" 5.4 Instrumentation  PAGEREF _Toc387243632 \h  36 HYPERLINK \l "_Toc387243633" 5.5 Data Collection  PAGEREF _Toc387243633 \h 36 HYPERLINK \l "_Toc387243634" 5.6 Data Analysis  PAGEREF _Toc387243634 \h 36 HYPERLINK \l "_Toc387243635" Chapter 6: Results, Discussion and Conclusion,  PAGEREF _Toc387243635 \h 37 HYPERLINK \l "_Toc387243636" 6.1 Demographic analysis  PAGEREF _Toc387243636 \h 40 HYPERLINK \l "_Toc387243637" 6.2 Criminal scene  PAGEREF _Toc387243637 \h 41 HYPERLINK \l "_Toc387243638" 6.2.1 Questions before the criminal scene  PAGEREF _Toc387243638 \h 42 HYPERLINK \l "_Toc387243639" 6.2.2 Questions during the crime scene  PAGEREF _Toc387243639 \h 44 HYPERLINK \l "_Toc387243640" CHAPTER 7: SUMMARY, CONCLUSION, AND RECOMMENDATION  PAGEREF _Toc387243640 \h 48 HYPERLINK \l "_Toc387243641" 7.1 Introduction  PAGEREF _Toc387243641 \h 48 HYPERLINK \l "_Toc387243642" 7.2 Objective summary: relaxation techniques can help in memory recall among witnesses  PAGEREF _Toc387243642 \h 48 HYPERLINK \l "_Toc387243643" 7.3 Recommendations  PAGEREF _Toc387243643 \h 49 HYPERLINK \l "_Toc387243644" 7.4 Limitations of the study  PAGEREF _Toc387243644 \h 49 HYPERLINK \l "_Toc387243645" 7.5 Suggestions for further research  PAGEREF _Toc387243645 \h 50 HYPERLINK \l "_Toc387243646" 7.6 Conclusion  PAGEREF _Toc387243646 \h 50Chapter1 1.0 IntroductionTestimony from wittiness is one of the widely and most influential methods used in court. In this case witness preparation is a common practice for both the attorneys and trial consultants in bolstering witnesss capability to testify. For example, in the year 2009 a clarification in regard a witness capability to testify was clearly made. This research managed to note that witnesses recall preparation should be based on helping witnesses to be able to present a message that is clear and effective. Again Neal report cites clearly that the American Bar Association maint ains that preparation of witnesses can not incorporate the policies to mislead the court. As a result of preparation and testimony usage, physiological prose has managed to proliferate witnesses related research. Some of this research includes examination of the impacts of biased information on eye witness confidence and accuracy. This is a term that has come to be referred to as misinformation.An eyewitness plays a very significant role in the forensic process. From the outset perspective the data that they are able to collect as well as the description that these witnesses provide has a great role in shaping the police inquiries. At the end of this process the provided testimonies in the court of law plays a big role or have significant effects on the trial outcome. This ability of eye wittiness to provide accurate account of the witnessed event has been an area of interest for psychologist. Therefore, they have been researching basing their interest on what they have observed ove r a centaury, following the fact that a there is a vast of these majority research that has been conducted in the 70s. As a result of these researches a lot has been learnt of the ways which witnesses can be mistaken, or mislead into terror, however, very little has been discovered on ways to help them remember the observed information well.It is important to note that the extent to which a witness can be able to provide detailed information about an observed past event is driven by both the memory quality and their willingness to respond to the questions asked. Questions asked to the witnesses are designed in way that the remembered information demonstrates their effectiveness is higher than just the response bias, but its a constitution of improved memory. There is several relaxation techniques applied such as closing of eyes. There are those that help them to give les incorrect information while others are not. The current paper bucks this trend, and discusses research into helpi ng witnesses to remember more details, more accurately. 1.1 Background statementThe forensic practice, for example, requires any witnesses recall only the truth and the whole truth and not anything else, but the truth. In the case of eye witness maximum information is required to be recalled and it is expected to be true with the minimum amount of error. One thing to note with the human memory as far as the issues of information recall is concerned is that, it is imperfect, reconstructive, and vulnerable to pressure and objective oriented establishment. It is not objective to take such intention in this case or ground cover. However, is crucial to take it for granted the memory fallibility, and none the less ask how an interviewer c... Relaxation Techniques and How They Help In Witnesses Recall - 11550 Words Relaxation Techniques and How They Help In Witnesses Recall (Dissertation Sample) Content: Relaxation Techniques and How They Help In Witnesses RecallStudents NameSupervisorAcknowledgementsMany thanks to my supervisor for the endless help she provided throughout this study and the support she gave to me. Many thanks also go to Greenwich University Library because this work would not have been probable without all the research that was made available to me.AbstractTestimony from wittiness is one of the widely and most influential methods used in court. It is also note able that witnesses recall preparation should be based on helping witnesses to be able to present a message that is clear and effective. Thus, Witness recall and preparation are two important aspects that require great concern from all concerned parties.The specific objective of this research will be to show that relaxation techniques can help memory recall among crime witnesses. In this study the hypothetical foundation will be made because it will help giving more support to the topic under s tudy. The hypothesis in this case will be as follows. HO= People who practice relaxation techniques maybe can recall more easily memories as witnesses in a crime scene. HA= People who practice relaxation techniques may be cannot recall more easily memories as witnesses in a crime. False convictions remain a key issue in courts due to lack of clear or relevant evidence from crime witnesses. The study will analyse a number of relaxation techniques and try to examine the degree to which they affect the memory recall of a witnessTable of Contents TOC \o "1-3" \h \z \u  HYPERLINK \l "_Toc387243593" Relaxation Techniques and How They Help In Witnesses Recall  PAGEREF _Toc387243593 \h 1 HYPERLINK \l "_Toc387243594" Students Name  PAGEREF _Toc387243594 \h 1 HYPERLINK \l "_Toc387243595" Acknowledgements  PAGEREF _Toc387243595 \h 2 HYPERLINK \l "_Toc387243596" Abstract  PAGEREF _Toc387243596 \h 3 HYPERLINK \l "_Toc387243597" Table of Contents  PAGEREF _To c387243597 \h 3 HYPERLINK \l "_Toc387243598" Chapter1  PAGEREF _Toc387243598 \h 6 HYPERLINK \l "_Toc387243599" 1.2 Hypothetical Foundation  PAGEREF _Toc387243599 \h 9 HYPERLINK \l "_Toc387243600" Chapter 2: Literature Review  PAGEREF _Toc387243600 \h 10 HYPERLINK \l "_Toc387243602" 2.1 Relaxation techniques  PAGEREF _Toc387243602 \h 12 HYPERLINK \l "_Toc387243603" 2.2 Eye closure  PAGEREF _Toc387243603 \h 12 HYPERLINK \l "_Toc387243604" 2.3 Cognitive interviews  PAGEREF _Toc387243604 \h 13 HYPERLINK \l "_Toc387243605" 2.4 Meditation  PAGEREF _Toc387243605 \h 14 HYPERLINK \l "_Toc387243606" 2.5 Self hypnosis  PAGEREF _Toc387243606 \h 16 HYPERLINK \l "_Toc387243607" 2.6 Self efficacy approach  PAGEREF _Toc387243607 \h 17 HYPERLINK \l "_Toc387243608" 2.6.1 Self efficacy sources  PAGEREF _Toc387243608 \h 18 HYPERLINK \l "_Toc387243609" Chapter 3: Theoretical Perspectives  PAGEREF _Toc387243609 \h 2 0 HYPERLINK \l "_Toc387243610"  3.1 ABC relaxation theory  PAGEREF _Toc387243610 \h 20 HYPERLINK \l "_Toc387243611" 3.1.1 R states, R altitude, and R beliefs  PAGEREF _Toc387243611 \h 21 HYPERLINK \l "_Toc387243612" 3.2 ABC relaxation theory View  PAGEREF _Toc387243612 \h 22 HYPERLINK \l "_Toc387243613" 3.3 Confidence theories  PAGEREF _Toc387243613 \h 23 HYPERLINK \l "_Toc387243614" Chapter 4  PAGEREF _Toc387243614 \h 24 HYPERLINK \l "_Toc387243615" 4.1 Informal process  PAGEREF _Toc387243615 \h 24 HYPERLINK \l "_Toc387243616" 4.1.1 Cognitive dialogue  PAGEREF _Toc387243616 \h 25 HYPERLINK \l "_Toc387243617" 4.1.2 Memory Recuperation  PAGEREF _Toc387243617 \h 26 HYPERLINK \l "_Toc387243618" 4.1.3 Applied Techniques  PAGEREF _Toc387243618 \h 26 HYPERLINK \l "_Toc387243619" 4.1.4 Progressive Muscle Relaxation  PAGEREF _Toc387243619 \h 27 HYPERLINK \l "_Toc387243620" 4.1.5 Biofeedback  PAGEREF _Toc38 7243620 \h 27 HYPERLINK \l "_Toc387243621" 4.1.6 Brainwaves  PAGEREF _Toc387243621 \h 28 HYPERLINK \l "_Toc387243622" 4.1.7 Skin conductance  PAGEREF _Toc387243622 \h 29 HYPERLINK \l "_Toc387243623" 4.1.8 Autogenic Training  PAGEREF _Toc387243623 \h 29 HYPERLINK \l "_Toc387243624" 4.1.9 Deep breathing  PAGEREF _Toc387243624 \h 30 HYPERLINK \l "_Toc387243626" 4.1.10 Self-hypnosis  PAGEREF _Toc387243626 \h 30 HYPERLINK \l "_Toc387243627" 4.1.11 Visualization:  PAGEREF _Toc387243627 \h 31 HYPERLINK \l "_Toc387243628" Chapter 5: Data collection Methods  PAGEREF _Toc387243628 \h 32 HYPERLINK \l "_Toc387243629" 5.1The interpretive research approach  PAGEREF _Toc387243629 \h 33 HYPERLINK \l "_Toc387243630" 5.2 Research Methodology  PAGEREF _Toc387243630 \h 34 HYPERLINK \l "_Toc387243631" 5.3 Sample  PAGEREF _Toc387243631 \h 35 HYPERLINK \l "_Toc387243632" 5.4 Instrumentation  PAGEREF _Toc387243632 \h  36 HYPERLINK \l "_Toc387243633" 5.5 Data Collection  PAGEREF _Toc387243633 \h 36 HYPERLINK \l "_Toc387243634" 5.6 Data Analysis  PAGEREF _Toc387243634 \h 36 HYPERLINK \l "_Toc387243635" Chapter 6: Results, Discussion and Conclusion,  PAGEREF _Toc387243635 \h 37 HYPERLINK \l "_Toc387243636" 6.1 Demographic analysis  PAGEREF _Toc387243636 \h 40 HYPERLINK \l "_Toc387243637" 6.2 Criminal scene  PAGEREF _Toc387243637 \h 41 HYPERLINK \l "_Toc387243638" 6.2.1 Questions before the criminal scene  PAGEREF _Toc387243638 \h 42 HYPERLINK \l "_Toc387243639" 6.2.2 Questions during the crime scene  PAGEREF _Toc387243639 \h 44 HYPERLINK \l "_Toc387243640" CHAPTER 7: SUMMARY, CONCLUSION, AND RECOMMENDATION  PAGEREF _Toc387243640 \h 48 HYPERLINK \l "_Toc387243641" 7.1 Introduction  PAGEREF _Toc387243641 \h 48 HYPERLINK \l "_Toc387243642" 7.2 Objective summary: relaxation techniques can help in memory recall among witnesses  PAGEREF _Toc387243642 \h 48 HYPERLINK \l "_Toc387243643" 7.3 Recommendations  PAGEREF _Toc387243643 \h 49 HYPERLINK \l "_Toc387243644" 7.4 Limitations of the study  PAGEREF _Toc387243644 \h 49 HYPERLINK \l "_Toc387243645" 7.5 Suggestions for further research  PAGEREF _Toc387243645 \h 50 HYPERLINK \l "_Toc387243646" 7.6 Conclusion  PAGEREF _Toc387243646 \h 50Chapter1 1.0 IntroductionTestimony from wittiness is one of the widely and most influential methods used in court. In this case witness preparation is a common practice for both the attorneys and trial consultants in bolstering witnesss capability to testify. For example, in the year 2009 a clarification in regard a witness capability to testify was clearly made. This research managed to note that witnesses recall preparation should be based on helping witnesses to be able to present a message that is clear and effective. Again Neal report cites clearly that the American Bar Association maint ains that preparation of witnesses can not incorporate the policies to mislead the court. As a result of preparation and testimony usage, physiological prose has managed to proliferate witnesses related research. Some of this research includes examination of the impacts of biased information on eye witness confidence and accuracy. This is a term that has come to be referred to as misinformation.An eyewitness plays a very significant role in the forensic process. From the outset perspective the data that they are able to collect as well as the description that these witnesses provide has a great role in shaping the police inquiries. At the end of this process the provided testimonies in the court of law plays a big role or have significant effects on the trial outcome. This ability of eye wittiness to provide accurate account of the witnessed event has been an area of interest for psychologist. Therefore, they have been researching basing their interest on what they have observed ove r a centaury, following the fact that a there is a vast of these majority research that has been conducted in the 70s. As a result of these researches a lot has been learnt of the ways which witnesses can be mistaken, or mislead into terror, however, very little has been discovered on ways to help them remember the observed information well.It is important to note that the extent to which a witness can be able to provide detailed information about an observed past event is driven by both the memory quality and their willingness to respond to the questions asked. Questions asked to the witnesses are designed in way that the remembered information demonstrates their effectiveness is higher than just the response bias, but its a constitution of improved memory. There is several relaxation techniques applied such as closing of eyes. There are those that help them to give les incorrect information while others are not. The current paper bucks this trend, and discusses research into helpi ng witnesses to remember more details, more accurately. 1.1 Background statementThe forensic practice, for example, requires any witnesses recall only the truth and the whole truth and not anything else, but the truth. In the case of eye witness maximum information is required to be recalled and it is expected to be true with the minimum amount of error. One thing to note with the human memory as far as the issues of information recall is concerned is that, it is imperfect, reconstructive, and vulnerable to pressure and objective oriented establishment. It is not objective to take such intention in this case or ground cover. However, is crucial to take it for granted the memory fallibility, and none the less ask how an interviewer c...

Sunday, May 24, 2020

Types Of Decisions Managers Can Formulate, Programmed And...

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